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Cavendish is the most common cultivar type among bananas globally. Wartazoa. Denpasar town has the smallest suitable area. Variable tied is the quality of plantain sale (carbohydrate rate, vitamin C rate, and air rate) also organoleptik, each treatment repeated 2 times. Banana stem juice is beneficial to health according to the science of Ayurveda. Banana in a state of fresh can only stay few days, will be able to outwear if processed in the form of other for example : banana sale. Sulphur is an important element that affects fermentation and is required as a precursor for the synthesis of essential amino acids such as methionine and cysteine. Prinsip dan Prosedur Statistika. The water content of the fermented product of the banana stems was relatively high, at approximately 90.30-90.87%. Enset is drought-tolerant, multi-purpose crop which has been part of a sustainable cropping system with high agro-biodiversity in Ethiopia. Minerals. A 1991 study conducted by Abiliza E. Kimambo and H. M. H. Muya of the Sokoine University of Agriculture in Tanzania determined that the banana leaves, fruit peelings and the core of the stem provide sufficient nutritional value to be a highly valuable food for dairy cows and cattle. In addition to producing fresh and processed fruit, the banana plant has the potential to be used as feed for animals. The addition of urea not only produced a dual effect on the formation of the pure protein but also occurred during microbial protein synthesis. J. Sci. Ключевые слова: щелочная протеаза, отходы сельского хозяйства, Bacillus amyloliquefaciens. The banana peel extract was prepared, and the antibacterial activity was assessed using well agar diffusion method and minimum inhibitory concentration was assessed using serial broth dilution method. It is known for its high fiber content which makes it a super food for weight loss. The results of a study conducted by Lessard et al.11 and cited by McDonald et al.10 showed that the addition of urea increased some types of amino acids, such as alanine, aspartic acid, glutamic acid, isoleucine, lysine, threonine and valine. (Translator Bambang Sumantri). Productions of this renewable energy or biofuel also constitute a new area which could assure an important source of income for the banana cultivators and the entire country. Each treatment was repeated four times. available B, DTPA-extracted micronutrients, and heavy metals) and index-leaf analysis (B, Cu, Fe, Mn, Zn, Cd, Cr, Ni, and Pb) were evaluated. This study aims to determine the change of dry matter content, organic matter and crude protein in banana peel var. This alternative represent. Since, there are no studies that relate the antibacterial, Potential production of bioethanol, biomethane and wood pellets from lignocellulosic biomass wastes of the banana plant (Musa spp.) 402,750 tons of dry matter. Tidi Dhalika, Background and Objective: The banana plant (Musa paradisiaca Val) is a popular type of fruit crop that is widely spread throughout the tropics, including Indonesia. Banana stem and bunches tannin content, based on to the results of chemical analysis, vary depending on the type of banana plants. According to Kung14 to stimulate good fermentation, various additives must be added to improve the nutrients that might be lost during the process of anaerobic fermentation (ensilage). Underwood and Suttle16 reported that sulphur is only important for plants and microbes because only plants and microbes are able to synthesize amino acids and proteins containing sulphur from inorganic sulphur that can be degraded. Nutritional values and major food products of enset, namely koch, amicho and bulla along with medicinal values encompasses; anti-microbial, anti-nematodal diseases of humans, expel of a placenta, healing bone fracture are some nutraceutical applications of enset. According to McDonald et al.10, the addition of urea may increase the nitrogenous components of silage, such as crude protein, pure protein, free amino acids and ammonia. According to Wina3 the water content of banana stems in fresh conditions range from 75.70-82.50%. Program Pascasarjana. banana plants is garden, grass, rain-fed rice field, scrub, bare land, and moor. Banana genotypes from Papua, New Guinea, had the highest levels of β-carotene with values as high as 2594.0 μg/100 g edible pulp . In addition to producing fresh and processed fruit, the banana plant has the potential to be used as feed for animals such as sheep. Determination of tannin content using 10 grams sample with processing conditions temperature were 70°C and 60 minutes extraction time using spectrophotometer at wavelenght 700 nm. © 2017. Pectins are unique and complicated types of fiber. McIlroy et al.8, reported that the lactic acid content in aerobic fermentation products, such as silage, ranged from 1.55-2.5%. Direktorat Jendral Bina Produksi Hortikultura. Banana peel is a part of banana fruit that also has the antibacterial activity against microorganisms but has not been studied extensively. Banana contains important nutrients, which could be recycled into useful materials to be reused in different purposes. Atun Budiman Between 3-4% increase (Table 1) was observed in the crude protein content of the banana stems due to the addition of a nitrogen source in the form of urea or CO(NH2)2. As in the production of silage and producing acid, there are less nutrients loss because lactic acid bacteria are needed to ensure the success of anaerobic fermentation, naturally, lactic acid bacteria is found in forage crops. EM4 (P < 0,01) has a real effect on decreasing for crude fiber with the best treatment 12 %. In serial broth dilution method P. gingivalis and A. actinomycetemcomitans were sensitive until 31.25 μg/ml dilutions. According to Wina3 the dry matter content of fresh banana stems range from 3.60-9.80%. Substances of fermented food products did not indicate variation compared to the banana stems under fresh conditions. Supplementation with a combination of nitrogen, sulphur and posphorus significantly (p<0.05) increased the crude protein content of fermentated products in anaerobic fermentation. Cooking bananas are banana cultivars in the genus Musa whose fruits are generally used in cooking. У ході дослідження були отримані всі параметри, необхідні для оптимального виробництва ферментів. One medium sized banana contains around 105 calories, 0g of fat, 3g of fiber and 2g of protein. FAO Corporate Document Repository, Rome.Erwanto, 1995. The use of EM4 (P < 001) has a real effect on decreasing contain of organic matter. as rainfall, altitude, dry month, slope, and considering current land use. These included the optimization of process parameters such as the effect of various substrates, incubation periods, inoculum's size, temperature, amount of substrate, NaCl concentration, supplementary carbon and nitrogen sources, and shaking speed of submerged fermentation. Banana stem (or Plantain stem or Banana stalk) is mostly used in Southern parts of India. No risk of heavy metal (Cr, Ni, Pb, and Cd) concentration increase in the index leaf was observed when biosolids were applied at the recommended N rate. for their cooperation, so this research could be completed. Д. Блессон Університет Керали, Індія ЕКОЛОГІЧНЕ ЗНАЧЕННЯ ВІДХОДІВ СІЛЬСЬКОГО ГОСПОДАРСТВА ЯК ЗАМІННИКІВ ПОЖИВНИХ РЕЧОВИН, ЯКІ ВИКОРИСТОВУЮТЬСЯ В ПРОЦЕСІ ВИРОБНИЦТВА ЛУЖНОЇ ПРОТЕАЗИ З BACILLUS AMYLOLIQUIFACIENS Bacillus amyloliquifaciens MTCC1488 застосовувалися при виробництві лужної протеази. The treatment consisted of P1 (inoculum dose 0.2% and 48 hours fermentation time), P2 (inoculum dose 0.4% and 48 hours fermentation time), P3 (inoculum dose 0.6% and 48 hours fermentation time), P4 (inoculum dose 0.2% fermentation 96 hours), P5 (inoculum dose 0.4% and 96 hours fermentation time), P6 (inoculum dose 0.6% and 96 hours fermentation time), P7 (inoculum dose 0.2% and fermentation time 144 hours), P8 (inoculum dose 0.4% and fermentation time 144 hours) and P9 (inoculum dose 0.6% and fermentation time 144 hours). Based on the large biomass potential of the banana plant, efforts should be made to optimize its utilization despite limitations. This is because as a banana ripens, the starch begins to turn to sugar. Thus, greater phosphorus supplementation can increase the protein content of fermented products. Results: Supplementation with a combination of N, S and P had no significant effect (p>0.05) on water content, dry matter, organic matter, crude fat, crude fiber or material extract without nitrogen and ash: However, there was a significant difference (p<0.05) in crude protein content. Banana leaves grow up to nine feet in length. 3. Presently, I am looking for information on analysis of banana pseudostem for its … The tree provides a canopy in many tropical climates. Based on the concentration of the standard solution and the absorbance produced, the standard gallic acid curve regression were y = 0.0063x + 0.1082 with R2 = 0.8543. Banana leaves and petioles are sometimes called banana tops. ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any references for this publication. Effects of adding urea and molasses on napiergrass silage quality. Research type the used is research of eksperimental true (true-eksperiment), that is existence of treatment of control by using Complete Random Device (RAL), desain the used is The Post Test- Only design group control, because assumed in a certain population every its unit have is homogeneous. So, banana stem juice also can help treat gallstones. This study aimed to determine the nutritional value of a banana stem of anaerobic fermentation product supplemented with nitrogen (N), sulphur (S) and phosphorus (P). Results showed that kepok produced highest tannin levels between 0.87% – 2.04%, while Raja between 0.04% – 0.67% and Ambon were between 0.05% – 0.33% at the standard solution concentrations of 20 – 100 ppm. Almost all the parts of this plant, that are, fruit, leaves, flower bud, trunk, and pseudo-stem, can be utilized. We evaluated the usefulness of waste banana for generating lactic acid through batch fermentation, using Lactobacillus casei under three treatments. The addition of chemical compounds as a source of nitrogen, sulphur and phosphorus can increase the utility of the food substances. and Benny Maruli Tua Saragih SPt. on the observed agroclimate parameters, slope is the most severe limiting Standard strains of P. gingivalis and A. actinomycetemcomitans were used in this study which was obtained from the in-house bacterial bank of Department of Molecular Biology and Immunology at Maratha Mandal's Nathajirao G. Halgekar Institute of Dental Sciences and Research Centre. The results of variance indicated that the treatment of dose inoculum and fermentation time had a significant effect (P <0.05) on dry matter content, organic matter and crude protein. Yet, the country is generating annually about 4,500,000 tons of fresh banana plant lignocellulosic waste biomass matter equivalent to, The need for bananas in Bali far exceeds the production. They generally employed as a vegetable in savory dishes many parts of Asia, Africa, Caribbean regions. cultivation should be preceded by a land suitability evaluation study. Bull. Tannin level data were analyzed by descriptive analysis. Femina. Research materials: The research materials consisted of stems of banana plants obtained from Pasirlaja, Cijeruk, Pamulihan, Sumedang. Banana yields are highly responsive to the available K content in soil (Fig 3). Teknik Analisis Dalam Penelitian Percobaan. Banana requires high amount of nutrients, which are often supplied only in part by the soil. Departemen of Animal and Food Science, University of Delaware, Newark.Lessard, J.R., J.D. The spoke for dietary fiber is colored green, protein is blue, vitamins are purple, minerals are white, and yellow represents a group of commonly overconsumed nutrients: saturated fat, cholesterol, and sodium. Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. Biosolids are relatively rich in N, P, and S and could be used to substitute mineral fertilization for banana crop. The banana bunches used were Kepok (Musa parasidiaca L.), Raja (Musa textilia) and Ambon (Musa acuminata Cavendish). The data obtained were processed using statistical analysis of variance tests followed by Duncan's multiple range tests. The addition of nitrogen and sulphur tended to increase the crude protein content indicated in the treatments NSP-A, NSP-B and NSP-C compared to the treatments NSP-D, NSP-E and NSP-F (Table 1). Like most African countries who are producers and exporters of banana, Cameroon is facing a major energy deficit. The maximum production of enzyme was obtained by using 300gl -1 of Banana (Musa sapientum) fruit peel waste and 250gl -1 of Zapota (Achras zapota) waste as the substitute of 10 gl -1 glucose as. In Indonesia, there are 74,751 million ha of land for banana plantations, with a production capacity reaching 2,192,060 t/year2. Banana is used widely because of its nutritional values. Molasses, available as a carbohydrate compound, can be used as a source of carbon frame for the formation of adenosine triphosphate, which is an important energy source needed for enzymatic reactions, such as the formation of glycogen from glucose and acts as an energy source in microbial protein synthesis, phosphorus ions were one of its constituent elements. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the creative commons attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Thus, microbial protein synthesis occurs more frequently such that microbial population increases, leading to higher nitrogen requirements, inorganic nitrogen added can be converted into a microbial body protein. Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian, (SITTRRD'07), Indonesia, pp: 169-175.Djajanegara, A., 1995. Conclusion: Two treatments consisted of substrates of diluted banana purée, one of which was enriched with salts and amino acids. The addition of several chemical compounds can also enhance the nutritional content of the stems, particularly crude protein that is naturally present in very small quantities. The process of anaerobic fermentation of the banana stem supplemented with combinations of nitrogen, sulphur and phosphorus were conducted in five stages as follows: (1) Chopped banana stems (2-5 cm) weighing as much as 60 kg were appropriated with silo capacity and used for anaerobic fermentation, (2) Weight molasses weighing as much as 5% of the weight of a banana stem was fermented, a source of nitrogen (urea), sulphur (Na2SO4) and phosphorus (KH2PO4) were added and stirred evenly, (3) Banana stems were flushed with a mixture of molasses, a source of nitrogen and phosphorus and stirred until smooth, (4) At each stage of the fermented material revenues, the mixture was poured gradually into a silo in the form of plastic barrel (capacity of 60 kg) to eliminate air as much as possible and (5) After a silo was filled with fermented feed material, it was closed and stored for 21 days. Result of research indicate that there is influence concentration and long immersion of whitewash of Ca(OH)2 to extract rate, vitamin C rate, rate irrigate and banana sale organoleptik. Gasversz, V., 1994. Even when enriched, diluted banana purée is an ineffective substrate for L. casei, probably because it lacks nutrients. Prosiding Lokakarya Nasional Pengembangan Jejaring Litkaji Sistem Integrasi Tanaman-Ternak, Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Peternakan. IPB., Bogor. In well diffusion method, P. gingivalis and A. actinomycetemcomitans showed 15 mm and 12 mm inhibition zone against an alcoholic extract of banana peel, respectively. Banana can consume by all society coat from various age level.

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